Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Conglomerate Under the Microscope free essay sample

A combination under the magnifying instrument In 1960, Arthur Rosenburg established Tyco when he opened a research center to accomplish exploratory work the United States government. It wasn’t until 1962, Rosenburg consolidated the business as Tyco Laboratories. The company’s center was around vitality preservation items and tech materials science for business use. In September 1964 Tyco opened up to the world and started its obtaining of different organizations to broaden its turn of events and appropriation arrange. Over the 22 years Tyco developed generously through key acquisitions and developing assorted variety inside the partnership. Some key acquisitions included: †¢1974: Simplex Technologies, makers of undersea fiber optic media communications link †¢1976: Grinnell Fire Protection Systems, makers of and temporary workers for fire sprinkler frameworks †¢1979: Armin Plastics, makers of polyethylene film items †¢1981: Ludlow Corporation, makers of bundling items. The expansion of these organizations, a complete value of $49 million, $500 million in all out deals, and a total assets $140 million pushed Tyco into the spotlight as a significant combination. The entirety of the achievements and development of Tyco can be contributed forceful administration by Roseburg and all administrators who emulated his example. Tyco is contained four specialty units: Electrical and Electronic Components, Healthcare and Specialty Products, Fire and Security Services, and Flow Control. The Companys name was changed from Tyco Laboratories, Inc. to Tyco International Ltd. in 1993, to reflect Tycos worldwide nearness. In 1997, after the merger with ADT, Tyco moved its joining from Massachusetts to Bermuda. In the course of the most recent two decades Tyco has seen a noteworthy ascent, blasting business, pulverizing outrage, and complete revival of the association. The company’s morals have been enduring an onslaught because of amazing lawful difficulties. Luckily, Tyco has been capable ricochet back, yet the street back wasn’t a simple one. Effective reaches There have been numerous impacts that formed and shaped Tyco since its beginning in 1960. On July 19, 2001, the U. S. Customer Product Safety Commission and Tyco Fire Products LP partner, Central Sprinkler Company, nnounced a deliberate substitution program. The review was in light of imperfect O-ring seals. Focal Sprinkler Company made a move when they found that the O-ring sprinklers were debasing after some time. As per their discoveries, the sprinkler heads could consume or contaminants, for example, salt could influence the O-ring seals. Those variables could have caused the sprinkler heads not enact in case of a fire. (CPSC, 2001) The work and free parts substitution secured 37 million fire sprinklers with O-ring seals produced using the mid-1970 until 2001. There were likewise 167,000 sprinkler heads additionally reviewed made by Gem Sprinkler Company and Star Sprinkler Inc. This move by Tyco the executives was provoked for two genuine reasons. The main purpose behind the review was the nature of the item that was discharged by Tyco. After broad research and testing, Central Sprinkler Company was blessed to get the deformity in its own item. The second and likely the most rousing component was the possibility of monstrous claims originating from a defective O-ring. Had the deficiency been ignored, numerous lives would have been placed at serious risk. The sprinkler review wasn’t the main review the Tyco International was confronted with; there was likewise review on smoke alarms. On May 19, 2006, Tyco Fire Security in collaboration with the Consumer Product Safety Commission discharged an item wellbeing review on Tyco Fire Security Fire Detection Systems. It was evaluated that the review influenced around 21,000 Fire Detection Systems all through the United States. The shortcoming fire recognition frameworks entirely vulnerable to diminished affectability to smoke in states of high mugginess and high temperature. If this somehow managed to happen, the senor on the gadget could have postponed distinguishing the nearness of smoke in case of a fire. Tyco Fire Security reached assembling proprietors and directors with these sensors and gave free programming overhauls. Like the review of the sprinkler O-rings, Tyco International administration had to address this possibly tragic issue. In addition to the fact that this is an issue of morals, yet additionally an issue of legitimateness. By being proactive in the issue, numerous lives were spared, the company’s notoriety was in respect, and no legitimate issues rose. In 1992, Dennis Kozlowski became CEO of Tyco International and led a forceful procurement procedure that prompted the obtaining large number of organizations. Throughout the decade Tyco International appreciated a consistent improve in profit and Kozlowski was continually positioned as one of most generously compensated CEO’s in the United States. In 2002, closely following discussions about separating the organization into four separate organizations, Tyco International experienced harsh criticism for unlawful bookkeeping rehearses. It was later found that there were a huge number of unapproved installments made to CEO Dennis Kozlowski and other Tyco workers. Dennis Kozlowski left the organization not long after the embarrassment, leaving investors and Tyco representatives uncertain of the company’s future. As indicated by reports, 11 names among the 51 Tyco representatives who, at Kozlowskis bearing and without board endorsement, got $56 million in rewards that as a result counterbalanced advances they had taken from the companys migration program. It was additionally discovered that $50 million was paid to Kozlowski and previous CFO Mark Swartz. The organization said Kozlowski abused $62 million of the companys coffers to buy a $16. million loft on Fifth Avenue in New York and $14 million for enhancements and goods to the condo. A portion of the goods that came up short on any real business reason incorporated a $15,000 hound umbrella stand; a $17,100 voyaging latrine box; a $6,000 shower drape; a $2,200 overlaid metal wastebasket; and $2,900 for coat holders. By and large, somewhere in the range of 1995 and 2002, Kozlowski just took care of $21. 7 million of the $62 million. (CBS, 2002) After selecting previous Motorola COO Edward Breen to CEO, Tyco International recorded two government claims against Kozlowski and an administrative suit against Swartz. Kozlowski and Swartz were accused of big business defilement and terrific robbery for supposedly taking $170 million from the organization and acquiring $430 million through the false deals of protections. Both were indicted for everything except one check. For this situation Tyco settled on right choice to indict anybody associated with this case. On the off chance that the embarrassment would have been inadequately dealt with, the monetary repercussions would have been pulverizing. In 2003, Tyco embraced the Guide to Ethical Conduct so as to control and encourage workers as to address systems and caution of exploitative practices and conduct. Every year Tyco workers are currently required to take a morals course and sign a morals articulation upon finishing. Not long after the aftermath of the embarrassment Tyco was confronted with claims from financial specialists. These speculators lost cash from protections they bought from Tyco between Dec 13, 1999 and June 7, 2002. Tyco had the option to settle with speculators for 2. 97 billion dollars. The Tyco settlement is right now the biggest ever by an organization (Norris, 2007). On June 29, 2007, Tyco separated into three free organizations, each with its own administration gathering. The three organizations are Covidien Ltd, Tyco Electronics Ltd, and Tyco International Ltd (in the past Tyco Fire Security and Tyco Engineered Products Services). Chief of Tyco International, Edward Breen and his administration staff have started chip away at restoring Tyco’s name and notoriety in the business network. The promise to moral strategic approaches can be found in the company’s administration articulation: Tyco accepts that great administration requires a compelling arrangement of explicit practices as well as a culture of duty all through the firm. Peruse progressively about our pledge to the best expectations of corporate administration.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The matching hypothesis Essay Example

The coordinating speculation Paper There are numerous variables associated with the development of connections, vicinity, introduction and family, similitude, physical allure, integrally, skill and proportional loving. In this examination, the exploration will investigate allure, explicitly the match speculation. Zuckerman et al (1995) detailed that the more appealing an individual appeared to be, the more constructive was anothers in general impression of that individual. Symons (1979) demonstrated that a womans physical wellbeing, age, and uniqueness are appealing to men while a keeps an eye on status, stature, aptitudes, and capacities are alluring to ladies. Berry and Miller (2001) found that guys appraised physical appeal as the best indicator for better associations with lady, while lady evaluated amiability as the most significant factor for men. An investigation was done by Walster et al in 1966 known as the PC move study. 752 freshers partook. First they were advised to fill in a survey, after which they were informed that they had been apportioned a perfect accomplice for the night of the move. These pairings in any case, had been made indiscriminately on premise of their physical engaging quality. Understudies were asked the amount they enjoyed their date and on the off chance that they needed to see them once more. They found that physical appeal was the single greatest indicator of how much each date had been preferred by both male and the female members. The longing of another date was dictated by the engaging quality of the female, independent of the allure of the male. At the point when we see an individual in the road we consequently rate that people engaging quality, regardless of whether we do it deliberately or unwittingly. We will compose a custom article test on The coordinating speculation explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom exposition test on The coordinating speculation explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on The coordinating speculation explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer The coordinating speculation is a famous mental hypothesis proposed by Walster et al. 1966, on what makes individuals be pulled in to their accomplices. It guarantees that individuals are bound to frame dependable associations with individuals who are generally similarly as genuinely appealing as themselves. This examination will imitate this investigation. The coordinating marvel of physical fascination between marriage accomplices is steady inside and across ages, Price and Vandenberg 1979. A few investigations have tried the coordinating speculation. These examinations by and large show that individuals evaluated as being of high, low or normal engaging quality will in general pick accomplices of a relating level of appeal. A few examinations have been completed that investigate this field of enthusiasm for, Murstein (1972) who likewise bolsters the coordinating speculation did an examination with photos of the essences of consistent or drew in couples were contrasted and arbitrary couples. The genuine couples were reliably decided to be increasingly like each other in levels of physical appeal than the irregular sets. Murstein summed up the discoveries of the investigation as: Individuals with equivalent market an incentive for physical appeal are bound to relate in a close connection, for example, commitment that people with dissimilar qualities. In straightforward terms, he found that individuals with generally equivalent appeal are bound to build up a close connection, than if one individual out of the couple was viewed as being ugly and the other alluring. This examination centers around couples separate allure and their engaging quality as a couple, breaking down solitary appeal and coupled engaging quality. The point of the examination is to explore the coordinating speculation and to test whether there is a positive connection between's the scores of apparent engaging quality of the male and female of the wedded couples and furthermore as a team. This examination contrasts to past investigations completed here of enthusiasm, as the photos are not isolated and the guys and females are appraised independently as far as allure. Members were likewise approached to rate the photographs as a team. The speculation: There would be a positive relationship between's members saw scores of engaging quality of photos of wedded couples. Invalid theory: There would be no connection between's members saw scores of engaging quality of photos of wedded couples. Strategy The technique picked for this examination was a correlational research strategy, as a connection between the two factors was being explored. The co-difference is the male and female scores. All the photographs utilized all through the methodology are acquired from articles from a neighborhood paper. After the photographs are gotten, record sheets will be created on which the members will rate the couples. The photographs utilized will be kept together (I. e. they won't be cut into independent male and female segments) for the straightforward explanation that I am additionally posing the inquiry; do the couples coordinate one another? This would be difficult to do as such if the photos were isolated. This additionally makes my examination progressively unique. The members will at that point be given structures like the record sheet (reference section). Cause and examination was the proper strategy for this examination as it gives data on the quality of a connection between explicit factors.

Monday, July 27, 2020

Understanding Internal and External Validity

Understanding Internal and External Validity Basics Print Understanding Internal and External Validity How These Concepts Are Applied in Research By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on March 05, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on January 26, 2020  Andresr  /  Getty Images More in Psychology Basics Psychotherapy Student Resources History and Biographies Theories Phobias Emotions Sleep and Dreaming In This Article Table of Contents Expand Internal Validity External Validity Similarities and Differences Examples View All Back To Top Internal and external validity are concepts that reflect whether or not the results of a study are trustworthy and meaningful. While internal validity relates to how well a study is conducted (its structure), external validity relates to how applicable the findings are to the real world. Internal Validity Internal validity is the extent to which a study establishes a trustworthy cause-and-effect relationship between a treatment and an outcome.?? It also reflects that a given study makes it possible to eliminate alternative explanations for a finding. For example, if you implement a smoking cessation program with a group of individuals, how sure can you be that any improvement seen in the treatment group is due to the treatment that you administered? Internal validity depends largely on the procedures of a study and how rigorously it is performed. Internal validity is not a yes or no type of concept. Instead, we consider how confident we can be with the findings of a study, based on whether it avoids traps that may make the findings questionable. The less chance there is for confounding in a study, the higher the internal validity and the more confident we can be in the findings. Confounding refers to a situation in which other factors come into play that confuses the outcome of a study. For instance, a study might make us unsure as to whether we can trust that we have identified the above cause-and-effect scenario. In short, you can only be confident that your study is internally valid if you can rule out alternative explanations for your findings. As a brief summary, you can only assume cause-and-effect when you meet the following three criteria in your study: The cause preceded the effect in terms of time.The cause and effect vary together.There are no other likely explanations for this relationship that you have observed. Factors That Improve Internal Validity If you are looking to improve the internal validity of a study, you will want to consider aspects of your research design that will make it more likely that you can reject alternative hypotheses. There are many factors that can improve internal validity. Randomization refers to randomly assigning participants to treatment and control groups, and ensures that there is not any systematic bias between groups.Random selection of participants refers to choosing your participants at random or in a manner in which they are representative of the population that you wish to study.Blinding in a study refers to participantsâ€"and sometimes researchersâ€"being unaware of what intervention they are receiving (such as by using a placebo in a medication study) to avoid this knowledge biasing their perceptions and behaviors and thus the outcome of the study.Experimental manipulation refers to manipulating an independent variable in a study (for instance, giving smokers a cessation program) instead of just observing an association without conducting any intervention (examining the relationship between exercise and smoking behavior).Study protocol refers to following specific procedures for the administration of a treatment so as not to introduce any effects of, for example, doing things differently with one group of people versus another group of people. How Does Random Selection Work? Factors That Threaten Internal Validity Just as there are many ways to ensure that a study is internally valid, there is also a list of potential threats to internal validity that should be considered when planning a study.?? Confounding refers to a situation in which changes in an outcome variable can be thought to have resulted from some third variable that is related to the treatment that you administered.Historical events may influence the outcome of studies that occur over a period of time. Examples of these events might include a change in political leader or natural disaster that influences how study participants feel and act.Maturation refers to the impact of time as a variable in a study. If a study takes place over a period of time in which it is possible that participants naturally changed in some way (grew older, became tired), then it may be impossible to rule out whether effects seen in the study were simply due to the effect of time.Testing refers to the effect of repeatedly testing participants using the same measures. If you give someone the same test three times, isnt it likely that they will do better as they learn the test or become used to the testing process so that they answer diffe rently?Instrumentation refers to the impact of the actual testing instruments used in a study on how participants respond. While it may sound unusual, its possible to prime participants in a study in certain ways with the measures that you use, which causes them to react in a way that is different than they would have otherwise.Statistical regression refers to the natural effect of participants at extreme ends of a measure falling in a certain direction just due to the passage of time rather than the effect of an intervention.Attrition refers to participants dropping out or leaving a study, which means that the results are based on a biased sample of only the people who did not choose to leave (and possibly who all have something in common, such as higher motivation).Diffusion refers to the treatment in a study spreading from the treatment group to the control group through the groups interacting and talking with or observing one another. This can also lead to another issue called r esentful demoralization, in which a control group tries less hard because they feel resentful over the group that they are in.Experimenter bias refers to an experimenter behaving in a different way with different groups in a study, which leads to an impact on the results of this study (and is eliminated through blinding). External Validity External validity refers to how well the outcome of a study can be expected to apply to other settings. In other words, this type of validity refers to how generalizable the findings are. For instance, do the findings apply to other people, settings, situations, and time periods? Ecological validity, an aspect of external validity, refers to whether a studys findings can be generalized to the real world. While rigorous research methods can ensure internal validity, external validity, on the other hand, may be limited by these methods. Another term called transferability relates to external validity and refers to the qualitative research design. Transferability refers to whether results transfer to situations with similar characteristics. Factors that Improve External Validity What can you do to improve the external validity of your study? Inclusion and exclusion criteria should be used to ensure that you have clearly defined the population that you are studying in your research.Psychological realism refers to making sure that participants are experiencing the events of a study as a real event and can be achieved by telling them a cover story about the aim of the study. Otherwise, in some cases, participants might behave differently than they would in real life if they know what to expect or know what the aim of the study is.Replication refers to conducting the study again with different samples or in different settings to see if you get the same results. When many studies have been conducted, meta-analysis can also be used to determine if the effect of an independent variable is reliable (based on examining the findings of a large number of studies on one topic).Field experiments can also be used in which you conduct a study outside the laboratory in a natural setting.Reprocessing or calibration refers to using statis tical methods to adjust for problems related to external validity. For example, if a study had uneven groups for some characteristic (such as age), reweighting might be used. Factors That Threaten External Validity External validity is threatened when a study does not take into account the interactions of variables in the real world.?? Situational factors such as time of day, location, noise, researcher characteristics, and how many measures are used may affect the generalizability of findings.Pre- and post-test effects refer to the situation in which the pre- or post-test is in some way related to the effect seen in the study, such that the cause-and-effect relationship disappears without these added tests.Sample features refer to the situation in which some feature of the particular sample was responsible for the effect (or partially responsible), leading to limited generalizability of the findings.Selection bias refers to the problem of differences between groups in a study that may relate to the independent variable (once again, something like motivation or willingness to take part in the study, specific demographics of individuals being more likely to take part in an online survey).?? This can also be considered a threat to internal validity. Similarities and Differences Internal and external validity are like two sides of the same coin. You can have a study with good internal validity, but overall it could be irrelevant to the real world. On the other hand, you could conduct a field study that is highly relevant to the real world, but that doesnt have trustworthy results in terms of knowing what variables caused the outcomes that you see. Similarities What are the similarities between internal and external validity? They are both factors that should be considered when designing a study, and both have implications in terms of whether the results of a study have meaning. Both are not either/or concepts, and so you will always be deciding to what degree your study performs in terms of both types of validity. Each of these concepts is typically reported in a research article that is published in a scholarly journal. This is so that other researchers can evaluate the study and make decisions about whether the results are useful and valid. Differences The essential difference between internal and external validity is that internal validity refers to the structure of a study and its variables while external validity relates to how universal the results are.?? There are further differences between the two as well. Internal Validity Focus on accuracy and strong research methods Controls extraneous variables Conclusions are warranted Eliminates alternative explanations External Validity Results translate to world at large Findings are generalizable Outcomes apply to practical situations Results can be translated into another context Internal validity focuses on showing a difference that is due to the independent variable alone, whereas external validity results can be translated to the world at large. Examples An example of a study with good internal validity would be if a researcher hypothesizes that using a particular mindfulness app will reduce negative mood. To test this hypothesis, the researcher randomly assigns a sample of participants to one of two groups: those who will use the app over a defined period, and those who engage in a control task. The researcher ensures that there is no systematic bias in how participants are assigned to the groups, and also blinds his research assistants to the groups the students are in during experimentation. A strict study protocol is used that outlines the procedures of the study. Potential confounding variables are measured along with mood, such as the participants socioeconomic status, gender, age, among other factors. If participants drop out of the study, their characteristics are examined to make sure there is no systematic bias in terms of who stays in the study. An example of a study with good external validity would be in the above example, the researcher also ensured that the study had external validity by having participants use the app at home rather than in the laboratory. The researcher clearly defines the population of interest and choosing a representative sample, and he/she replicates the study for different technological devices. A Word From Verywell Setting up an experiment so that it has sound internal and external validity involves being mindful from the start about factors that can influence each aspect of your research. Its best to spend extra time designing a structurally sound study that has far-reaching implications rather than to quickly rush through the design phase only to discover problems later on. Only when both internal and external validity are high can strong conclusions be made about your results. An Overview of the Scientific Method

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Supernatural In Macbeth - 1858 Words

In the play Macbeth by WIlliam Shakespeare, the supernatural is an ever present force, seen in the witches, the ghost of banquo, and maybe some other places. The way Shakespeare portrays the supernatural, and especially the witches, add a great deal s to the play, and also contribute in key ways to the themes, structure, tone. Mood, and literary devices in ways that are designed to affect the audience of the play. The most important contribution in my opinion, was that they made the play scary, and created a feeling of uncertainty or unease, which felt like an important aspect of the play. In Macbeth, the witches exemplify some of the important themes through their supernatural abilities, and these themes are important to deliver the†¦show more content†¦The prophecies are interesting because we don’t know whether they were predicting the future, or changing it. Does Macbeth kill the king because he was destined to, or because the witches made him think he was destined to? At the end, Macbeth was told he couldn’t be killed by a man born of a woman; was this ever true? Was he killed by Macduff because Macduff had been ripped from his mother s womb, or because Macbeth knew this and gave up? Really, Macduff only attacked Macbeth because Macbeth killed his family after being told he should fear him. The witches caused all of these things somehow, and whether they did it by supernaturally controlling fate or by manipulating Macbeth is one of the more interesting parts of the play to me. These themes (fair vs foul, and one s control over their own fat e) are important in adding a feeling of uncertainty, and creating some level of fear and suspense. The witches in Macbeth would have been especially scary and mysterious to the audience it was originally written for: the people living in England in the early 1600s, including the king himself. Most of the audience at the time would have believed in witches, and would therefore be afraid of them. The idea that there were crazy killers out there, being controlled by witches that could see the future, create scary potions, and recite spells would haveShow MoreRelatedThe Supernatural in Macbeth874 Words   |  4 PagesThe Supernatural in Macbeth The supernatural contributes significantly to the story in the thrilling play Macbeth, written by Shakespeare. The paranormal signs and powers show considerable overlap with insanity in the case of several characters throughout the play. The superhuman agents that appear or contacted in the play are used for evil purposes in almost all the cases, and are predominantly resulting in the death of a human being. First of all, the three witches are using supernatural powersRead MoreTheme Of Supernatural In Macbeth773 Words   |  4 PagesShakespeares Macbeth, the supernatural and the role it plays in motivating characters is present throughout the duration of the play. The supernatural causes conflict in the play and the prophecies from the witches in act one is the inciting action. The apparition, Banquos ghost, and the dagger are examples of how the presence of the supernatural causes conflict. The theme of the supernatural causing conflict in Macbeth plays an important role in the plo t of the play. The witches in Macbeth play a criticalRead MoreThe Supernatural World Of Macbeth1103 Words   |  5 Pagesthe supernatural world. The idea that the world was full of witches, ghosts, and spells began to stain the country. The hysteria and paranoia regarding witches and spells caused uncontrollable excitement for the people in the 15th century. Following superstitions and indulging in mystical magic was habitual; darkness was taking over. Slowly, but surely the malicious, foul, and unholy world was raiding the souls and minds of the people in the 15th century. The supernatural world in Macbeth wasRead MoreSummary Of The Supernatural In Macbeth1387 Words   |  6 Pagessuspense and involvement of the supernatural. The use of the witches, the visions, the ghost and the apparition is key to making the idea of the plot work and it adds the elements of thrill and suspense to the audience. Reading through each act and scene of the play, it is noticed that the supernatural is in reality a primary concept of the play’s plot. The use of the supernatural emerges at the start of the play, with three witches predicting the destiny of Macbeth. The audience now has an idea asRead MoreMacbeth - Supernatural Theme809 Words   |  4 PagesThe presence of supernatural forces in William Shakespeare s, Macbeth, provides for much of the play s dramatic tension and the mounting suspense. Several supernatural apparitions throughout the play profoundly affect Macbeth and the evil forces eventually claim Macbeth and destroy his morals. Macbeth s ambition was driven by the prophecies of the three witches and unlike Banquo, he was willing to do anything to assure that they actually transpire. Macbeth is horrified at the notion of killingRead More The Supernatural in Macbeth Essay3374 Words   |  14 PagesThe Supernatural in Macbeth       More than a few elements of the supernatural can be discovered within the action and dialogue of Shakespeares plays.   However, the extent and nature of those elements differs to a large degree.   There are traces of it to be found in Henry V, Pardon, gentles all,/The flat unraised spirit that hath dard...to bring forth/So great and object (Lucy   1).  Ã‚   There are also elements of it apparent in Winters Tale, What I did not well I meant well (Lucy  Read MoreThe Supernatural in Macbeth Essay1031 Words   |  5 PagesFrom witches to apparitions, supernatural elements are the constituents of the play, Macbeth. The supernatural occurrences served as role as a manifestation of evil temptations that seduced Macbeth into murdering, even his own comrades. Macbeth’s first meet with the supernatural was the ignition of his ambition to kill for his own success; the second encounter of the supernatural allowed his sanity and judgment to wander off to a murdererâ €™s mind with the basis of his before gained ambition. Supernatural’sRead MoreThe Supernatural In Macbeth Essay1944 Words   |  8 PagesThe Supernatural and its’ affect in the play Macbeth The supernatural has always fascinated and continues to intrigue mankind. In many of Shakespeare’s plays, he uses the supernatural to strengthen a particular scene or to influence the impression the audience has about someone or something. This was not strange or uncommon in Shakespeare’s time. In fact, during the 1500s, many people still believed in witches and witchcraft. Even in today’s society, with such advanced science and technology, manyRead MoreMacbeth : Influence Of The Supernatural2958 Words   |  12 PagesMacbeth Essay- Influence of the Supernatural â€Å"The supernatural is the natural not yet understood.† (Elbert Hubbard) Within the realm of Williams Shakespeare’s â€Å"Macbeth†, supernatural elements play a prevalent role throughout the telling of the tragedy. Created in a time period in which fear of the unknown ran high and belief in the supernatural was rampant, the incorporation of mystical components resulted in a compelling story for the people of the Elizabethan era. Moving forward into the modernRead MoreOccult and Supernatural Elements in Macbeth1402 Words   |  6 PagesAlthough Macbeth is not classed as being a supernatural play or a play of the occult, there are some elements in the play that Shakespeare uses to effect. It is necessary however, to define what is meant by the terms ‘occult’ and ‘supernatural’: the term ‘occult’ is defined as being ‘supernatural beliefs, practises or phenomenon’ and the term ‘supernatural’ is de fined as being ‘attributed to some force beyond scientific understanding or the laws of nature’; both these terms can be associated with

Friday, May 8, 2020

An Analysis Of George Gershwin s An American Folk Opera

â€Å"An American Folk Opera.† George Gershwin’s most successful piece of expansive musical drama was subtitled with this term that no musician or critic had applied to a work of musical drama before the 1935 premiere of Porgy and Bess. Much has been written about the work’s subtitle; its literal meaning, its evolution, and its implications for a changing cultural landscape. Porgy and Bess was the last in a triptych of literature and theater surrounding the character of Porgy, a crippled beggar living in Charleston’s semi-fictitious Catfish Row. Porgy, the 1925 novel written by white author DuBose Heyward, was â€Å"the original.† The novel received mixed reviews; white critics praised Heyward’s vivid descriptions of â€Å"the life of the Negro† while†¦show more content†¦Dvorak’s Symphony No. 9, â€Å"From the New World† was based upon â€Å"spirituals and plantation song from the South.† Bartok’s Ten Easy Pieces for piano were heavily influenced by â€Å"folk melody [that was] a kind of inspirational motto to be developed.† Gershwin understood there to be a need for a truly American voice in music, comparable to those of the great nationalist European composers, recognizing that â€Å"The only kinds of music which endure are those which possess form in the universal sense and folk music. All else dies.† Similar to Dvorak in his ninth symphony, the idiom that Gershwin employed for his opera was that of the Negro spiritual and folk song. Before composing Porgy and Bess, Gershwin made a trek down to Charleston, South Carolina and some of its outlying island communities with the purpose of studying â€Å"rural African American† culture. It was there that he became immersed in the music of that community and it was there that he garnered his inspiration for the opera’s score. Again harkening to the traditions of the European masters, Gershwin decided against the note-for-note transcription of the songs he had heard, but rather used them as inspiration for a continuous musical narrative of folk-inspired themes. Thus, we arrive at the term â€Å"folk opera.† Gershwin’s use of African American folk material in the composition of an opera gave rise to the literal terminologyShow MoreRelatedAnalysis of the Music Industry30024 Words   |  121 Pagesjazz and world music). In mainstream music, recording and marketing are now dominated by just four `majors worldwide, one of which is the UK s own giant record company, EMI Group PLC. The other majors are Universal Music Group and Warner Music Group, based in the US, and Sony BMG, a Japanese/German joint venture only created in 2004. One of EMI s major strengths is its historic catalogue of recordings — and copyrights — which includes The Beatles and many other enduring acts of the last century

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A case study of the UK flooding the river Uck, East Sussex, October 2000 Free Essays

During the wet season of October the Sussex the Uck-Ouse basin burst it banks and caused major flooding in the surrounding towns mainly a small town called Uckfield. Upstream of the town of Uckfield slopes are very steep and so runoff happens very quickly after rainfall. However the River Uck flood plain is relatively undeveloped, with natural flood plains remaining. We will write a custom essay sample on A case study of the UK flooding: the river Uck, East Sussex, October 2000 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Here land management practices are well adapted to flooding. The flooding in the central part of the Ouse catchments on Thursday 12th October 2000 was preceded by 3 days of storms and heavy rain across the whole area. The ground became increasingly waterlogged, and there was widespread, localised flooding from surface water run-off. Uckfield flooded dramatically from about 5.00am on the 12th October, with river levels rising rapidly to a peak between 9.00am and 10.00am, at which point a torrent of water up to 1.9m deep, was flowing through the town centre causing considerable damage. Barcombe and Lewes filled up and widespread flooding in Lewes started at about 1.00pm, as the rising river backed up behind the Cliffe Bridge and overtopped the flood defences at a number of locations. Within about an hour or so the flood defences throughout the town were completely overwhelmed and the town centre rapidly filled with floodwater. Many hundreds of people were stranded and had to be rescued by the Emergency Services in boats. By the time the floodwaters peaked at about 9.30pm, some parts of Lewes were less than 3.6m of water. As the flows passing downstream from Barcombe continued to increase at a rapid rate, the floodwaters weired over the river walls and surged through the streets and open areas in Lewes, rapidly filling up sections of the urban floodplain to a depth of 1m in about half an hour. The Police abandoned the centre of town, and the evacuation turned into a rescue operation as the RNLI and Emergency Services used inflatable lifeboats to reach people suddenly trapped in their homes or businesses. The flood devastated the centres of Uckfield and Lewes, as well as causing significant damage to surrounding rural properties and the farming community. * long periods of drying out and repair mean that many homes have remained uninhabitable for many months after the event, with residents having to live in alternative, temporary accommodation; * similarly, many businesses remain closed months after the flood, and a small number are believed to have closed permanently; * a long term loss of trade, both for the flooded businesses, and for the wider business community; * widespread concerns about property values and insurance; * losses of agricultural crops and livestock; * impact on County Council Social Services provision due to the loss of day centres and buses; * long term damage to road surfaces, and widespread blockage of highways drainage systems; * impact on Lewes District Council’s housing provision due to temporary re-accommodation of flood victims; * disruption to the Fire Brigade and Ambulance Service due to the temporary loss of several of their buildings, including their control centres, and loss of vehicles; * in Lewes, 118 Listed Buildings and 230 other ‘traditional’ buildings within the Conservation Area were damaged, requiring specialist repair; * long term needs for emotional support amongst some. This means that the upper and middle sections of the catchments become quickly saturated following heavy rainfall. During wet periods a large proportion of the rainfall will quickly run-off into the river system rather than drain through the ground, and this effect is exacerbated by the hilly nature of the upper parts of the catchment. * increasing the amount and rate of surface water run-off, thereby increasing flows; * reducing the area available for flood storage, thereby increasing peak levels; * reducing the area available for flood flow conveyance, thereby increasing peak levels, contributing to rapid inundation and high flood velocities, and extending the period of flooding. * River flows were increasing very rapidly at this time and continued to do so for several hours after the flood defences were overtopped. * The upstream flood storage areas were already ‘full’ so that the majority of the flood flows passed straight downstream to Lewes with little attenuation. * Once overtopped, the flood defences acted like weirs allowing large volumes of water to pass over them in a short space of time, rapidly filling the low lying areas behind them, with high velocities being witnessed where flows were channelled through narrow gaps. * The natural narrowing flood plain as it approaches Lewes, together with the artificial obstructions across its path in Lewes (Phoenix Causeway, Mayhew Way, Cliffe High Street shops) severely reduces the ability of the flood plain through Lewes to convey flood waters, causing levels to rise higher still. *  It is an obvious point, but maybe worth stating, that the 12th October 2000 flood inundated the floodplain – so named for a good reason. The devastating impact of the flood was because large numbers of properties have over the years been built on the floodplain, and although artificial flood defences or river improvement works have protected those properties from more frequent flooding events, all property constructed on the flood plain is at risk of flooding occasionally. The Environment Agency’s Flood Warning slogan of â€Å"You cannot prevent flooding, you can only prepare for it†. The existing flood defences were overwhelmed by the 12th October 2000 flood flows and it may be possible to justify future improvements to raise the current standards of defence to protect against an event of similar magnitude. A number of options are likely to be considered in the forthcoming Catchment Strategy Plan being commissioned by the Environment Agency. However, given the extreme severity of 12th October 2000 event, and the nature of the long-standing government rules and arrangements for project appraisal and flood defence funding, we do not believe that it is reasonable to assume that they should already have been of such a standard. Nevertheless we believe that there are a number of important issues relating to the existing flood defences in Lewes which need to be urgently addressed, in particular the apparently poor condition of many of the river walls through the town, and the long term settlement in the upstream flood embankments. The floodwalls were breached or damaged in at least 8 locations through the town, and the sudden failure of the river wall at Phoenix Industrial Estate is particularly worrying. The flooding took many residents by surprise, and it is clear that the Environment Agency and a significant number of affected residents have very different perceptions about the performance of the flood warning system. This is partly an issue of communication and education. We believe that it is important that the Environment Agency vigorously continues its efforts to educate local residents, and that it is explicit about its actual responsibilities and capabilities. With the benefit of hindsight, we also believe that a number of important improvements in the flood warning and forecasting service can be identified, and should be undertaken. These would not have had any impact on the extent, speed or depth of the actual flooding, but they may have meant that for many, vehicles, stock, or precious personal possessions might have been saved. How to cite A case study of the UK flooding: the river Uck, East Sussex, October 2000, Free Case study samples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Personal Narrative The Diagnosis Essay Example

Personal Narrative The Diagnosis Essay Its been 10 long months of having restless nights and going back and forth to the hospital.I remember walking into Smilow Cancer hospital for the first time. I didnt know what to expect really.I just thought that it would be a depressing place, but its not. All the patients are so positive and full of joy.At the time I didnt understand why, but now I do.It was because they made it through one more day, and beat cancer before it beat them. December 22, 2013.I was in the medical transportation with my grandmother ( I call her Nana) heading back home.I got a room call from where we had just left.It was my mother. She said that there was something wrong with her and to write something down but she had no idea what it was because he was just walking around and finishing up her Christmas shopping!The driver noticed my urgency and handed me the note pad. I did t know what was going on, but at the same it, I knew. I knew that my mom was ill form the start. We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Narrative The Diagnosis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Narrative The Diagnosis specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Personal Narrative The Diagnosis specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer I even did some research about two weeks before.Her thyroids were inflamed, she was weak and always drowsy, run down. I know what your thinking, YOU CANT ALWAYS TRUST THE INTERNET. Like my father says.Now, Im no doctorbut cancer is far too familiar with my family. December 23,2013. I was just at my dads house celebrating Christmas because my mom was in the hospital he was willing to switch the visitation time so I can be with her for Christmas.Me, still not knowing exactly whats wrong, just thought that he was overreacting, but it was nice of him.As I was walking down the hall making my way to her room, the smells gave me flashbacks of when my grandmother used to be at the hospital all the time because of her series of mini strokes (Ive lost count). The general smell was that powder for the gloves that the doctors and nurses put on and clean sweat There really isnt any other way to describe it. I came to room 204 that displayed my moms name. I to